Saturday, December 29, 2007

Example of a Royal Pedigree









My research into the Rudyard family's Plantagenet connections took about 4 years from start to publication. Thomas Rudyard, Esq. (1640-1692) was an attorney for the London Society of Friends (Quakers) and a personal friend of William Penn; original proprietor of Pennsylvania; deputy-governor of East Jersey; and attorney-general of New York.

Thomas Rudyard's Descent from Edward III

1. Edward III of England, b. 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, co. Berks., d. 21 June 1377, Shene Palace, Richmond, Surrey = Philippa of Hainault, b. 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, France, d. 15 August 1369, Windsor Castle, co. Berks., da. of William III, count of Hainault by Jeanne de Valois [descendant of Henry II]. [18] [22] [30] [36] [38] [39]
2. John of Gaunt, 2nd duke of Lancaster, b. March 1339/40, St. Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders, d. 3 February 1398/99, Leicester Castle, co. Leicester = Katherine de Roet, b. abt. 1350, d. 10 May 1403, da. of Sir Payn de Roet. [18] [19] [22] [26] [30] [36] [38] [39]
3. John Beaufort, 2nd earl of Somerset, b. abt. 1371, Kettlethorpe Manor, nr. Pottersgate, co. Lincoln, d. 16 March 1409/10, St. Catherine-by-the-Tower Hospital, London = Margaret de Holand, b. abt. 1381, Upholand, co. Lancs., d. 30 December 1439, St. Saviour's Monastery, Bermondsey, Surrey, da. of Thomas de Holand, K.G., earl of Kent [descendant of Edward I] by Alice fitz Alan [descendant of Henry III]. [18] [19] [22] [25] [26] [30] [36] [38]
4. Edmund Beaufort, 2nd duke of Somerset, b. abt. 1406, Westminster, co. Middlesex, d. 22 May 1455, 1st Battle of St. Alban's = Alianore de Beauchamp, b. September 1408, Walthamstow, co. Essex, d. 6 March 1466/67, Baynard's Castle, London, da. of Richard de Beauchamp, K.G., K.B., earl of Warwick [descendant of Edward I] by Elizabeth de Berkeley [descendant of Edward I], baroness of Lisle & Teyes. [18] [19] [22] [26] [30] [36] [38]
5. Anne Beaufort, b. 24 Mar. 1443 Baynard's Castle, Blackfriars, London, d. bef. 17 Sept. 1496, London = William Paston, Gent., Justice of the Court of Common Pleas; b. 28 May 1434, Paston, co. Norfolk, d. bet. 17 Sept. - 28 Nov. 1496, Warwick Inn, London; son of William Paston by Agnes, da. of Sir Edmund Berry. [12] [17] [19] [22] [23] [24] [26] [29] [30] [33] [35] [36] [37]
6. Anne Paston, d. bef. 19 Oct. 1542 = Sir Gilbert Talbot, Knt., b. abt. 1476, d. 22 Oct. 1542, Grafton Manor, co. Worcs.; son of Gilbert Talbot, Knt., of co. Salop by Elizabeth, da. of Ralph, baron Greystoke [descendant of Edward III] [1] [12] [15] [17] [18] [19] [22] [24] [25] [26] [27] [29] [30] [37] [38] [39]
7. Elizabeth Talbot, d. bef. 19 Oct. 1542 = John Lyttleton, Esq., of Frankley Manor, co. Worcs., b. abt. 1499, d. 17 May 1532; son of William Lyttleton, Knt., of Frankley Manor by Mary Whittington. [1] [5] [10] [11] [15] [17] [24] [25] [26] [27] [29] [30] [37]
8. Roger Lyttleton, Esq., b. bef. 14 May 1531, d. bet. 22 July 1553-11 Jan. 1588/89, Groveley, Kings Norton, co. Worcs. = Elizabeth Stanley, da. of John Stanley [descendant of Edward I] of Bromwich Hall, co. Staffs. by Cecily Freebody. [2] [5] [9] [10] [11] [17] [24] [25] [27] [30]
9. Bridget Lyttleton, d. aft. 11 Sept. 1621 = Henry James, Gent., of Kingswinford, co. Staffs. & Forfield [Fairfield] Court, Belbroughton, co. Worcs., bd. 17 Mar. 1586, Belbroughton, son of Edmund James, Gent. of Wollaston, co. Worcs. & Kingswinford, by Ann Ramsay. [3] [4] [6] [8] [9] [14] [16] [17] [24] [27] [30] [33]
10. Anne James, bp. 9 Jan. 1571/2, Belbroughton, co. Worcs., d. aft. 11 Sept. 1621 = Thomas Rudyard, Esq., d. bet. 11 Sept. 1621-18 Feb. 1622, of Dieulacress, Leek, co. Staffs., son of Thomas Rudyard of Rudyard [descendant of Henry II] by Elizabeth, da. of John Osbaldeston of Nethercote, co. Oxon. [6] [14] [20] [24] [30] [33] [34]
11. Anthony Rudyard, Esq., b. abt. 1610, Dieulacress, Leek, co. Staffs, d. Mar. 1661/62, Dieulacress, Leek; magistrate of Leek, 1654-60 = Anne Newton, b. abt. 1615, Wilmslow, co. Cheshire, d. Mar. 1657/58, da. of William Newton of Wilmslow [descendant of Edward III] by Margery, da. of Laurence Wright, Gent., of Nantwich, co. Cheshire. [13] [14] [20] [21] [30] [31] [33]
12. Thomas Rudyard, Esq., b. 1640, Leek, co. Staffs., d. Oct.-Nov. 1692, Bridgetown, Barbados; attorney in the Guildhall, London; while acting as William Penn's counsel, probably authored "The peoples ancient and just liberties asserted in the tryal of William Penn and William Mead" [1670]; Rudyard's own habeas corpus trial, detailed in his "Second part of the people's liberties" is cited in the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution; original proprietor of Pennsylvania and East Jersey; deputy-governor of East Jersey, 1682-84; attorney-general of New York, 1684. = Alice Boscowen. Several legit. ch., and one son, John Rudyard, Esq., by an unknown mistress. [7] [13] [16] [20] [28] [30] [31] [32] [33]


Sources
Charters:
[1] Counterpart of an indenture between John Lyttelton of Frankeley, esq., and Gylbert Talbotte, knt., and John Talbotte knt., being a settlement on the marriage of the said John Lyttelton and Elizabeth, daughter of the said Gylbert of the manors of Frankeley and Collesdon, co. Worc. lands, tenements, etc., in Frankeley, Collesdon, Rugeacre and Droitwyche and the manor of Cressage, Co. Salop, 12 May 23 Hen. VIII [1531]. Birmingham City Archives: Lyttelton of Hagley Hall, MS # 3279/351486 [lines 6-7].
[2] Indenture between Edward Newport; and John Littelton, esq., Roger Littelton and others. Grant of Manor of Hanley William etc., 22 July 1553. Worchestershire Archives: Hanley Court Estate, MS # 3312/396627 [line 8].
[3] Counterpart of a lease for the term of three lives from Edmund James of Kings Swinford, co. Staff., esq., and Henry his son, to Henry Halle of Romsley, co. Worc., Mylner [Miller], Joan his wife and Henry his son, of a mill, called Shutte Mylle in Romsley and lands in Romsley and the tythe hay of Romsley. 16 April 13 Eliz. [1571]. Birmingham City Archives: Lyttelton of Hagley Hall, MS # 3279/351685 [line 9].
[4] Grant from Edmund James of Kyngesswinford, co. Staff., esq., and Henry his son, to William Haye of Chadwiche [Chadwick] co. Worc., husbandman, of the reversion of a corn mill, with appurtenances, in Romesley, called the Shutmylle and lands in Romesley 12 September 13 Eliz. [1571]. Birmingham City Archives: Lyttelton of Hagley Hall, MS # 3279/351686 [line 9].
Inquisitions Post Mortem:
[5] Lyttelton, John [C 142/56/12]. Worcestershire, July 1532. Mentions his wife, Elizabeth, seven sons [including Roger] and two daughters [lines 7-8].
Parish Registers:
[6] Church of the Holy Trinity, Belbroughton, co. Worcs. Christenings, marriages, burials, 1540-1812. FHC #0546142 [lines 9-10].
[7] Saint Clement Danes, London. Marriages, 1653-1675, v. 3, p. 101. FHC #0574264 [line 12].
PCC Wills [http://www.documentsonline.pro.gov.uk/]:
[8] James, Edmonde, Gent., of Wollaston, proved 7 Feb. 1586 [11/69 Windsor]. Includes bequests to his son, Henry [line 9].
[9] Lyttelton, George, of the Inner Temple, London, proved 11 June 1600 [11/96 Wallop]. He gives to "Sister James fyve pounds" [lines 8-9].
[10] Lyttelton, John, Esq., of Frankley, proved 25 June 1532 [11/24 Thower, see "last will"]. Mentions his wife, Elizabeth, his seven sons [including Roger] and two daughters [lines 7-8].
[11] Lyttelton, John, Knt., of Frankley, proved 8 May 1590 [11/75 Drury]. Among the legatees are "George Littleton eldest sonne of my deare and loving brother Roger Littleton esquire, deceastd" and "Humphrey Littleton one other of the sonnes of my said brother Roger Littleton" [lines 7-8].
[12] Paston, William, Gent., of London, proved 28 Nov. 1496 [11/11 Horne]. Desires burial "in the church of blak friars in London, at the north end of the high altar there by my Lady Anne late my wife" [lines 5-6].
[13] Rudyard, Anthony, of Dieulacress, co. Staffs., proved 18 Feb. 1663 [11/310 Juxon]. Includes bequests to "my eldest sonne, Thomas" [lines 11-12].
[14] Rudyard, Thomas, of Dieulacress, co. Staffs., proved 18 Feb. 1622 [11/139 Savile]. Legatees include "Anne, my well beloved wife," and Anthony Rudyard, one of his "younger sonnes." Devises to "Mrs. Brigett James, my mother in lawe, my best nagg or mare which I shall fortune to have at the tyme of my death" [lines 9-11].
[15] Talbot, Gilbert, Sir, of Grafton, proved 15 June 1543 [11/29 Spert]. Mentions "Elizabeth Lytleton, the other of my daughters" [lines 6-7].
Secondary References
[16] Braithwaite, A. "Thomas Rudyard: early Friends' 'Oracle of Law.'" Journal of the Friends' Historical Society [London: Autumn 1956], pp. 5-19 [line 12].
[17] Butler, A., ed. The visitation of Worcestershire 1634 [London: Harleian Society Publications, 1938], p. 62 [lines 7-9], pp. 133-34 [lines 5-7].
[18] Cockayne, G. The complete peerage [London: St. Catherine Press, 1949], IV, pp. 39-44 [lines 1-3], VII, pp. 410-16 [lines 1-2]; XI, pp. 569, 706 note (a), 717 note (d), 731 chart [line 6], XII/1, pp. 49-53 [line 4], XII/2, p. 552 [lines 4-6].
[19] Dugdale, W. The baronage of England [originally published 1675-76. Hildesheim ; New York: G. Olms, 1977], v. 1, pp. 325 chart, 331 [line 6], 742 [Greystoke, line 6]; v. 2, pp. 114-19, 121-4 [lines 2-5].
[20] Dugdale, W., Rylands, W., & Armytage, G., eds. Staffordshire pedigrees based on the visitation of that county [London: Harleian Society Publications, 1912], v. 63, p. 95 [lines 10-12]. [21] Earwaker, J. East Cheshire: past and present [London: privately printed, 1877], v. 1, p. 128 [line 11].
[22] Faris, D. Plantagenet ancestry of seventeenth-century colonists, 2nd ed. [Boston: NEHGS, 1999], pp. 109, 162-63, 285-86, 332-33, 350 [lines 1-6].
[23] Gies, F. & J. A medieval family: the Pastons of fifteenth-century England [New York: Harper Collins, 1999], p. 368 [line 5].
[24] Grazebrook, H. S. The heraldry of Worcester: being a roll of the arms borne by the several noble, knightly, and gentle families, which have had property or residence in that county, from the earliest period to the present time; with genealogical notes, collected from the heralds' visitations, ancient manuscripts, heraldic dictionaries, church monuments, personal seals, and other trustworthy sources [London: J. R. Smith, 1873], v. 1, pp. 312, 362 [lines 7-10], v. 2, p. 562 [lines 5-7].
[25] Jeayes, I. Descriptive catalogue of the charters & muniments of the Lyttelton family [London: Chas. J. Clark, 1893], pp. xv, xvi, 107-08 (see also [1]) [lines 6-8].
[26] Nicolas, N. Testamenta vetusta: being illustrations from wills, of manners, customs, &c. as well as of the descents and possessions of many distinguished families. From the reign of Henry the Second to the accession of Queen Elizabeth [London: Nichols & son, 1826], v. 1, pp. 140-45 [John of Gaunt], 230-31 [John Greystoke]; v. 2, pp. 654 [John Lyttelton, Esq.], 695-96 [Gilbert Talbot, Jr.]. [lines 2-7].
[27] Phillimore, W., ed. The visitation of the county of Worcester made in the year 1569 [London: Harleian Society, 1888], pp. 94, 133-34.Online at: http://www.uk-genealogy.org.uk/england/Worcestershire/visitations/index.html [lines 6-9].
[28] Raimo, J. Biographical directory of American colonial and revolutionary governors 1607-1789 [Westport, CT: Meckler Books, 1980], p. 205 [line 12].
[29] Reade, C. The house of Cornewall [Hereford: Jakeman & Carver, 1908], p. 219 [lines 5-7].
[30] Roberts, G. The royal descents of 600 immigrants to the American colonies or the United States : who were themselves notable or left descendants notable in American history [Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 2004], p. 223 [lines 1-12].
[31] Rudgers, D. "Governor Thomas Rudyard of East Jersey and his descendants in New York." The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record [Oct. 1990], v. 121, pp. 193-94 [lines 11-12].
[32] Rudyard, T. "The second part of the peoples ancient and just liberties asserted in the proceedings against, and tryals of Tho. Rudyard, Francis Moor, Rich. Mew [and others] at the session begun and held at the Old-Baily in London...in the year 1670 against the arbitrary procedure of that court, and justices there" [London: privately printed, 1670] [line 12].
[33] Sleigh, J. A history of the ancient parish of Leek in Staffordshire [London: Bemrose & Sons, 1883], pp. 126, 129 [lines 9-12].
[34] Turner, W. The visitations of the county of Oxford [London: Harleian Socity Publications, 1871], p. 203 [line 10].
[35] Venn, J & J. A. Alumni Cantabrigienses; a biographical list of all known students, graduates and holders of office at the University of Cambridge, from the earliest times to 1751, v. 3 (1924), p. 317 [line 5].
[36] Virgo, R., ed. Private life in the fifteenth century: illustrated letters of the Paston family [New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989], pp. 8-9, 22, 32, 198 [lines 1-5].
[37] Wambaugh, E. Littleton's tenures in English [Littleton, CO: Fred B. Rothman & Co., 1985], intro, p. li [lines 5-7].
[38] Weis, F. Ancestral roots of certain American colonists who came to America before 1700. 7th ed., additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. ; asst. by David Faris [Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992], pp. 3, 10 [lines 1-4, 6].
[39] Weis, F. The Magna Charta sureties, 1215 : the barons named in the Magna Charta, 1215, and some of their descendants who settled in America during the early Colonial years, 5th ed., with additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., M. S. with William R. Beall [Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1999], pp. 32, 190 [lines 1-2, 6].

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Sir,
About your descendent, number 11, who is said to have been born in dieulacress.

dieulacress isnt an area around leek but it was a monistary destroyed by Henry the eighth.

Hope this is of use.

Joe

Kevin said...

Greetings Joe,

Thank you for your comment. Thomas Rudyard, Esq. purchased the site of Duelacress Abbey on 14 Jan. 1596 [SRO 3766/67], the properties then being described as the former abbey. Portions of the ruins of the abbey are still visible. Rudyard constructed a fine manor house on this property sometime thereafter, and certainly before his death in 1621-22. The place is now called Abbey Farm; it is situated within Leekfrith, co. Staffs.

Most records post-reformation continue to refer to the site as Dieulacres, rather than Abbey Farm.



Best regards,

Kevin